The incubation period from infection to the onset of symptoms is usually one to two weeks, but can be much shorter (days), or much longer (months to years). Documented evidence has proven that it can lie dormant for as long as 30 years.
Ticks that transmit B. burgdorferi to humans can also carry and transmit several other parasites, such as Theileria microti and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, which cause the diseases babesiosis and human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA). The most common are: Babesia (Babesiosis), Bartonella (Bartonellosis, also known as cat scratch fever) and Ehrlichia (Ehrlichiosis).
Coinfections complicate Lyme symptoms, especially diagnosis and treatment, making diagnosis difficult and often elusive. For more information on co-infections please click here.
Parasitic infections in Lyme are also very common. For more information on parasites, please click here.
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